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Wat Pho Temple, Bangkok,  Phra Rabieng, Phra Uposatha, the main chapel

Wat Pho Temple, Bangkok, Page 9,  Contorted Hermit Mount  and the Phra Mondob, Scripture Hall

Phra Uposatha, ( the main chapel or Bot or the Assembly Hall – a hall used for performing the monastic ritual ). For Buddhists, the main chapel is the heart of the monastery, as without a main chapel, it would be a monk centre and not a monastery.

The main chapel was constructed in the reign of King Rama I in Ayudhya style. It was then reconstructed and enlarged during the reign of King Rama III. All sheltered windows and doors are made of hard wood with crown–like spires and colour-glazed tiles. Inlays of mother–of–pearl on the outer side of the entrance door panels depict episodes from the Ramakien ( the Thai version of the Ramayana – the world famous Indian epic ); while on the inner side are painted specimens of ecclesiastical fans of rank which are presented to the monk sovereigns. Item 2 on the layout plan

Wat Pho Temple, Bangkok, Page 10,  Phra Rabieng, Phra Uposatha, the main chapel
Wat Pho Temple, Bangkok, Page 10,  Phra Rabieng, Phra Uposatha, the main chapel
Wat Pho Temple, Bangkok, Page 10,  Phra Rabieng, Phra Uposatha, the main chapel

Phra Rabieng , it is a double cloisters surrounding the courtyard of the chapel and is connected by four main direction Viharas. Item 5 on the layout plan.

The image of Lord Buddha sitting under the Bodhi tree or Pang Marnvichai ( image of enlightened Lord Buddha under the Bodhi tree ) is in the East Vihara. Standing in this East Vihara is a 10 metres high bronze Buddha image, Phra Buddha Lokanart Sartsadajarn  which was brought from Wat Phra Sri Sanpej in Ayudhya. The inscription of Wat Pho establishment is also kept here.In the South Vihara there is an image of Lord Buddha Pring the First Dermon to the Five Disciples.The inner side cloister contains 150 Buddha images with another 244 images being located on the outer side. These images were brought fom northern provinces during the reign of King Rama I. Today, all Buddha images are covered with gold leaves and protected from birds, bats and dirt by large glass frames. By the order of King Rama III, Thai prosody framed in 100 stone inscriptions were posted on all columns along the cloister.

Wat Pho Temple, Bangkok, Page 10,  Phra Rabieng, Phra Uposatha, the main chapel
Wat Pho Temple, Bangkok, Page 11 Pictures around the Temple