Wat Pho Temple, Bangkok, Phra Rabieng, Phra Uposatha, the main chapel
Phra Uposatha, ( the main chapel or Bot or the Assembly Hall – a hall used for performing
the monastic ritual ). For Buddhists, the main chapel is the heart of the monastery,
as without a main chapel, it would be a monk centre and not a monastery.
The main chapel was constructed in the reign of King Rama I in Ayudhya style. It
was then reconstructed and enlarged during the reign of King Rama III. All sheltered
windows and doors are made of hard wood with crown–like spires and colour-glazed
tiles. Inlays of mother–of–pearl on the outer side of the entrance door panels depict
episodes from the Ramakien ( the Thai version of the Ramayana – the world famous
Indian epic ); while on the inner side are painted specimens of ecclesiastical fans
of rank which are presented to the monk sovereigns. Item 2 on the layout plan
Phra Rabieng , it is a double cloisters surrounding the courtyard of the chapel
and is connected by four main direction Viharas. Item 5 on the layout plan.
The image of Lord Buddha sitting under the Bodhi tree or Pang Marnvichai ( image
of enlightened Lord Buddha under the Bodhi tree ) is in the East Vihara. Standing
in this East Vihara is a 10 metres high bronze Buddha image, Phra Buddha Lokanart
Sartsadajarn which was brought from Wat Phra Sri Sanpej in Ayudhya. The inscription
of Wat Pho establishment is also kept here.In the South Vihara there is an image
of Lord Buddha Pring the First Dermon to the Five Disciples.The inner side cloister
contains 150 Buddha images with another 244 images being located on the outer side.
These images were brought fom northern provinces during the reign of King Rama I.
Today, all Buddha images are covered with gold leaves and protected from birds, bats
and dirt by large glass frames. By the order of King Rama III, Thai prosody framed
in 100 stone inscriptions were posted on all columns along the cloister.