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Wat Chaiwatthanaram lies on the west bank of Chao Phraya River, south west of the old city of Ayutthaya. It is a large compound and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It can be reached by road or by boat.

The temple was constructed in 1630 by the king Prasat Thong as the first temple of his reign, as a memorial of his mother's resident in that area. The temple's name literally means the Temple of long reign and glorious era. It was designed in Khmer style which was popular in that time.


It has a central 35 metre high prang in Khmer style  with four smaller prangs. The whole construction stands on a rectangular platform. About halfway up there are hidden entrances, to which steep stairs lead.The central platform is surrounded by eight Chedi shaped chapels ( Thai : Meru Thit Meru Rai ), which are connected by a rectangular cross shaped passage ( Phra Rabieng ). The passage had numerous side entries and was originally roofed and open inwards, but today only the foundations of the pillars and the outside wall still stand. Along the wall, there were 120 sitting Buddha statues, probably painted in black and gold.


The eight Chedi like chapels are formed in a unique way. They had paintings on the interior walls, the exterior ones decorated by 12 relief's depicting scenes from the life of Buddha ( Jataka ), which must be read clockwise. Just fragments of the paintings and the relief's survived. In each of the rectangular Chedi’s were two sitting Buddha statues and in each of the four middle Chedi’s was one big sitting Buddha statue, also lacquered in black and gold. The ceiling over those statues was of wood with golden stars on black lacquer.


Outside the passages on the east, close to the river was the temple's ordination hall ( Phra Ubosot ). North and south from the Ubusot stood two Chedi’s with 12 indented corners, in which the ashes of the king's mother were laid.




Wat Chaiwatthanaram, Ayutthaya, Thailand. History of the Temple

Ayutthaya Province, Page 32, Wat Chaiwatthanaram, Temple
Ayutthaya Province, Page 31, Wat Chaiwatthanaram, Temple
Ayutthaya Province, Page 31, Wat Chaiwatthanaram, Temple