Wat Chedi Sri Suriyothai, Queen Suriyothai, Ayutthaya, Thailand
Wat Chedi Sri Suriyothai, Ayutthaya, Thailand.
Somdet Phra Sri Suriyothai was a royal consort during the 16th century Ayutthaya
period of Siam ( now Thailand ). She is famous for having given up her life in the
defence of her husband, King Maha Chakkraphat in a battle during the Burmese Siamese
War of 1548.
Somdet Phra is her queenly rank; Sri pronounced and often transcribed Si, is a
honorific. Her given name Suriyothai means Dawn. It is a compound of Suriya, from
Sanskrit surya SUN; plus Uthai from udaya RISING, a cognate of Aurora and Ushas.
Suriyothai was queen during the early part of the reign of King Maha Chakkraphat
(2091 to 2106 Buddhist Era, with another reign from 2111 to 2112 B.E.). In 1548 AD,
barely six months into King Maha Chakkraphat's reign, the King of Burma invaded Siam
with the intent of sacking the main capital, Ayutthaya. Phra Chedi Sisuriyothai is
the memorial to Somdet Phra Sisuriyothai, the Thai heroine in the Ayutthaya period.
She was the queen of Somdet Phra Mahajakrapat, the king of Ayutthaya which reigned
when he was 36.
After King Somdet Phra Mahajakrapat reigned in 1548 A.D. for seven months, Phra Chao
Tabengchaveti, the King of Burma, moved his troops to beat Ayutthaya to revenge for
the former unsuccessful beat of Chiengkran town in the reign of King Chairajathirat.
In the first battle, King Somdet Phra Mahajakrapat would lead his troops with his
two sons, Prince Phra Ramesuan and Prince Phra Mahintrathirat on elephants, but queen
Somdet Phra Sisuriyothai was concerned for her husband then she disguised herself
as a man in a fighting form and accompanied with them.