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Mukdahan Province, Page 3, History of the Province
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When he began to clear away the forests to make way for his resettlement of the realm, he found two Buddha images beneath a Sacred Fig tree on the banks of the Mekong. The larger of the two was bricks-and-mortar, while the smaller one was made of fine iron. He had a new monastery built at once near the old, abandoned temple on the banks of the Mekong, and named it Wat Sri Moungkhoun  ( cognate to Sri Mongkol  in Central Thai, meaning Temple of Serene Auspices ). He also constructed a palatial manse near the temple where he enshrined both Buddha images in vihara. Later, the iron Buddha image ( the smaller one ) appeared to mysteriously re-establish itself beneath the fig tree where it had first been discovered and ultimately, after some three or four spectacles of this nature, began slowly sinking into the ground there until only the crown of the head could be seen. Thus, an alternate place of worship was built there to cover the site instead and the image itself was then named Phra Loup Lek or Venerable One of Iron metal Who Shrouds Himself. Nowadays the site where Phra Loup Lek would submerge himself beneath the earth has been overtaken by the waters of the Mekong and washed away (presumably leaving only the shrine rescued and preserved at the front of the vihara at today’s Wat Sri Mongkol South

As for the mason-and-mortar Buddha image enshrined in the vihara at the Sri Mongkol Temple, the inhabitants of the realm named it Phra Chao Ong Luang  or Venerable Holy One, and made it the representative image of Wat Sri Mongkol, which itself was later renamed to Wat Sri Mongkol South; this Buddha image has been associated with the settlement and realm ever since.

During the rebuilding of the realm at around midnight were reports of a transparent or translucent object glittering and bright spotted emerging from the seven sugar palms on the banks of the Mekong River; it drifted in the air above the Mekong every night until near dawn when the crystal-like object would then float back into the seven trees whence it came. Lord Chanthakinnaree named this auspicious omen Keo Mukdahan  or the Pearlsmouth Crystal as he had founded his realm on the banks of the Mekong right where the mouth of the stream Bang Muk ( or Pearlhaven ) was located, in which people had discovered pearls in clams there. However, it is important to note that mukdahan can refer to most any semiprecious stone resembling the pearl having a grey dull colour, and not necessarily the pearl oyster, Meleagrina margaritifera. Lord Chanthakinnaree then also renamed the realm to Mueang Mukdahan, as from the Fourth Month of the Year of the Pig, Year 1132 of the Chulasakarat ( Minor Era ), Year 2313 of the Buddhasakarat ( Buddhist Era or BE ) of the Buddhist calendar. The realm of Mukdahan at this stage covered both sides of the Mekong and reached the frontier lands of the Vietnamese

( including the Laotian province of Savannakhet ).


In B.E.2321, during the Thonburi Period when King Taksin the Great extended his armed forces up into the area of the Mekong River, he ordered Phra Mahakasut Suek and Chao Phya Chakri to dispatch their troops along the banks of the Mekong to suppress and unify the lords of all the realms great and small there on both sides of the Mekong together under the reign of the Kingdom of Thonburi, declaring Lord Chanthakinnaree the Phya Chanthasrisuraja Uparaja Mandhaturaj  the first Lord of the Realm of Mukdahan and thereby officially named the realm Mueang Mukdahan.