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Surin Province, History, Geography & Districts of the Province

Surin  is one of the north-eastern provinces ( Changwat ) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Buriram, Maha Sarakham, Roi Et and Sisaket. To the south it borders Oddar Meancheay of Cambodia.

Surin is the capital of Surin province. Its population is small, about 40,000, but bear in mind that the province itself is densely populated. It is about 450 kilometres east from Bangkok and 50 kilometres from the Cambodian border. A quiet town, its one claim to fame is its annual Elephant Roundup, which takes place in November (book a room in advance). Surin is well known, locally and international, for its elephants.


The gigantic animal of Surin impresses everyone with loveliness, cleverness and creates a unique character of the province. Surin's people have a long relationship with elephants which has become an icon of the province. Plenty of Khmer Ruins, beautiful silk and famous jasmine rice also make Surin an interesting destination.

The first syllable Sur- originates from the Sanskrit word Sura meaning God and the word In tar from Sanskrit is Indra. Hence the name of the province literally means Lord Indra.

In the north of the province is the valley of the Mun river, a tributary of the Mekong. To the south of the province is the Dongrek mountain chain, which also forms the boundary to Cambodia. The central and northern parts of the province are undulating flood plains.


The provincial seal is an image of Indra on top of his celestial white elephant, Airavata which is based on the design found on a famous Khmer temple in the province. Both Khmer temples as well as elephants are commonly found in Surin.

Provincial tree as well as provincial flower is the Common Tembusu (Fagraea fragrans).

The province is subdivided into 17 districts ( Amphoe ). The districts are further subdivided into 158 sub districts ( Tambon ) and 2011 villages ( Muban ).


1. Mueang Surin   2. Chumphon Buri   3. Tha Tum   4. Chom Phra   5. Prasat   6. Kap Choeng

7. Rattanaburi   8. Sanom   9. Sikhoraphum  10. Sangkha  11. Lamduan  12. Samrong Thap

13. Buachet  14. Phanom Dong Rak  15. Si Narong  16. Khwao Sinarin  17. Non Narai


Surin Province, Page 1, History, Geography & Districts of the Province
Surin Province, Page 2, History of the Province