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Nan Province, Thailand. Provinces, Districts, Nan Provincial Seal

Nan Province, Page 1, Provinces, Districts, Nan Provincial Seal
Nan Province, Page 1, Provinces, Districts, Nan Provincial Seal

Nan  is one of the northern provinces ( Changwat ) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Uttaradit, Phrae and Phayao. To the north and east it borders Sainyabuli of Laos.

The province is located in the remote valley of the Nan River, surrounded by mountains covered with forests. The highest mountain is the 2079 metre high Doi Phu Kha in Amphoe Pua, north-east of the city of Nan towards the border with Laos.

For centuries Nan was an independent kingdom but, due to its remoteness, had few connections to the other kingdoms. The first kingdom around the city Mueang Pua ( also known as Varanagara ) was created in the late 13th century. Its rulers, the Phukha dynasty, were related to the founders of Vientiane, however it became associated with the Sukhothai kingdom as it was easier to reach from the south than from the east or west. In the 14th century the capital was moved to its present location at Nan. In the 15th century, when Sukhothai declined in power, it became vassal of the kingdom of Lannathai. In 1443 King Kaen Thao of Nan plotted to capture neighbouring Phayao by asking King Tilokaraj to help him fight Vietnamese troops attacking Nan, even though there was no such threat. Kaen Thao killed the king of Phayao, however the troops of Tilokaraj then attacked Nan itself, and captured it in 1449.

The provincial seal shows a Usuparatch bull carrying the stupa of Phrathat Chae Haeng. The buffalo goes back to a legend that the rules of Nan and Phrae were brothers, and met at a mountain to decide about the boundary between their lands. The ruler of Nan went there on a buffalo, while the ruler of Phrae went there on a horse.

The provincial tree and provincial flower is the Orchid Tree ( Bauhinia variegata ).

The province is subdivided in 15 districts ( Amphoe ). These are further subdivided into 99 sub districts ( Tambon ) and 848 villages ( Muban ).

1. Mueang Nan   2. Mae Charim   3. Ban Luang   4. Na Noi   5. Pua   6. Tha Wang Pha   7. Wiang Sa   8. Thung Chang   9. Chiang Klang  10. Na Muen  11. Santi Suk  12. Bo Kluea 13. Song Khwae   14. Phu Phiang  15. Chaloem Phra Kiat.