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Sakon Nakhon is one of the north - eastern provinces ( Changwat ) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Nong Khai, Nakhon Phanom, Mukdahan, Kalasin and Udon Thani. The capital is Sakon Nakhon.

The word Sakon originates from the Sanskrit word sakala meaning entire, whole, or total, and the word Nakhon from Sanskrit nagara  meaning town or city. Hence the name of the province  means City of cities.The province is located on the Khorat Plateau, not far from the river Mekong. The Nong Han lake - the biggest natural lake of North-East Thailand - near the city Sakon Nakhon is a popular resort of the local people. The Phu Phan Mountains delimit the province to the south.

The provincial seal shows the Phrathat Choeng Chum, a Lao - style Chedi built during the Ayutthaya period over a Khmer style prang.

The provincial tree is the banaba or Queen's Crape Myrtle ( Lagerstroemia speciosa ).

Administrative divisions

The province is sub divided into 18 districts ( Amphoe ). The districts are further sub divided into 125 communes ( Tambon ) and 1323 villages ( Muban ).

1. Mueang Sakon Nakhon   2. Kusuman   3. Kut Bak   4. Phanna Nikhom   5. Phang Khon

6. Waritchaphum   7. Nikhom Nam Un   8. Wanon Niwat   9. Kham Ta Kla  10. Ban Muang

11. Akat Amnuai  12. Sawang Daen Din  13. Song Dao  14. Tao Ngoi  15. Khok Si Suphan

16. Charoen Sin  17. Phon Na Kaeo  18. Phu Phan

Sakon Nakhon is a Buddhist town with five Buddhist Stupa's. Its history can be dated back for 3000 years. Legend says that Nongharn town, or presently Sakon Nakhon, was built in 11th century when Khmer ruled this region. When the Khmer lost its power, the town was under the rules of Lanxang or Laotian Kingdom. It was renamed into Muang Chiang Mai Nongharn. When the town was under Siamese Kingdom, it was renamed again into Sakon Thavapi. In 1830, during the reign of King Rama III, it was named Sakon Nakhon.

A mix of Thai and Lao is spoken in Sakon Nakhon however plain old Central Thai is perfectly acceptable. There are few ex-pats living in the city or foreign visitors so do not expect much in the way of spoken English or English translations beyond road signs. That being said it's advisable to dive head first into learning the dialect and start mixing it up with the locals.

Sakon Nakhon Province, Page 1, Geography, districts, Seal of the Province, and Map.
Sakon Nakhon Province, Page 1, Geography, districts, Seal of the Province, and Map.