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Home Page Site Map. site map for www.Thailand-Delights.com Phitsanulok Province, Page 5,  Places to see, Wat Ratchakhiri Hiranyaram, Thai Bird Garden, Chandra Palace. Phitsanulok Province, Page 3, How to get to Phitsanulok

Most of Phitsanulok has a hot tropical climate with considerable annual rainfall ( annual rainfall is about 1.8 meters ). In the higher altitude regions of the province, however, the climate is cool, with temperatures peaking at around 25° Celsius, sometimes dropping below the freezing point. Regarding rainfall, there is a dry season and a rainy season. The rainy season begins in the spring and ends around November. Deforestation and urban development along the river banks, combined with the extensive amount of rainfall in the region, have led to some climate change issues, primarily manifested in recent severe flooding within the province and elsewhere downstream of the Nan River.


Wildlife of Phitsanulok Province

Phitsanulok is home to a plethora of animal and plant species, including several endangered species, vulnerable species and near threatened species. Indigenous animal species include a variety of mammals

( including endangered tigers and the vulnerable Asiatic black bear ), crabs, reptiles, amphibians, fish, insects, and over 190 species of birds. Indigenous plant life include numerous species of flowering plants including the endangered phayom, Hopea ferrea and Dalbergia oliveri, the vulnerable Hopea odorata and Sumatran Pine, and a variety of conifers and club mosses. Near threatened birds include the Siamese fireback and Oriental darter. The Siamese fireback has been nominated to be the national bird of Thailand. Wildlife conservation is just beginning to be realized in the province. Plans for sustainable development are being carried out, and over the last 30 years, more and more land has been set aside as protected areas.


The protected areas in Phitsanulok include the province's four national parks.

Topographical features within the Phitsanulok Province include the Phetchabun Mountains, the Nan River and several of its tributaries, waterfalls, rapids, swamps, forests, grasslands, caves, a reservoir and an extensive network of canals. Populated areas of the province are largely cleared of natural vegetation and adapted for farming. The land within the province is situated in the Greater Nan Basin, which is part of the Chao Phraya Watershed. The province includes land within both of the Greater Nan Basin's sub-basins, e.g., the Nan Basin and Yom Basin. The provincial capital of Phitsanulok is sometimes called Song Kwae, the city of two rivers, an ancient name dating to a time centuries ago when the Nan and Khwae Noi rivers met near the city. These two rivers of the Phitsanulok Province are still of major significance to the residents of the region.


Much of the province is supported by a sedimentary basin known as the Phitsanulok Basin. The basin is bounded to the west by the boundary fault, to the east by the Phetchabun fault, to the north by the Uttaradit fault and to the south by the Mae Ping fault. Its total land area is about 6,000 square kilometres. The basin is composed of gravel, clay stone, sandstone and siltstone. The Lan Krabu, Chum Saeng, Yom and Ping Formations are hydrocarbon reservoirs in the basin containing coal. Thai-Shell and PTT-EP have carried out exploration of this basin for purposes of locating oil reserves. The Phitsanulok Basin is a basin of the Indo-Chinese Plate, which is a geological division of the Eurasian Plate.