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Mae Hong Son ( also Maehongson, Mae Hong Sorn or Maehongsorn ) is one of the northern provinces ( Changwat ) of Thailand, and at the same time the westernmost. Neighbouring provinces are ( from north clockwise ) Shan State of Myanmar, Chiang Mai and Tak. To the west it borders Kayin State and Kayah State of Myanmar again. It was formerly called Mae Rong Son ( also Maerongson, Mae Rong Sorn or Maerongsorn ).

Mae Hong Son ( The City of Three Mists ) is nestled in a deep valley hemmed in by the high mountain ranges of the Shan Hills, Mae Hong Son has long been isolated from the outside world. It is the most mountainous province in Thailand and composed of a total of 13,814 square kilometres. It is virtually covered with mist throughout the year, the name refers to the fact that this terrain is highly suitable for the training of elephants. Former governors of Chiang Mai used to organize the rounding up of wild elephants which were then trained before being sent to the capital for work. Daily flights into its small airport brings growing numbers of tourists, attracted by the natural scenery, numerous hill - tribe communities and soft adventure opportunities.

63% of the population in the province are members of the hill tribes, among them the Hmong, Yao, Lahu, Lisu, Akha and Karen. Another big ethnic group is the Shan. The province has the lowest population density of all the provinces of Thailand.

The provincial seal, Rup Chang nai thong nam  is a reference to the training of wild elephants to be able to take orders in battle and for various types of animal labour.

The decision behind the selection of Rup Chang nai thong nam, meaning Image of a Elephant in a Body of Water, as the provincial seal was because this was the origin of Mae Hong Son's founding, which began with Lord Kaeo of Ma being sent to capture elephants for the Lord of Chiang Mai ( 1825 – 1846 ). Once in Mae Hong Son, he gathered the scattered Shan settlements to establish two main villages to be ruled over by their elected leaders, the villages of Ban Pang Mu and Ban Mae Hong Son. Indeed, the reason for the name Mae Hong Son or Village of the Elephant Training Camp Bayou was simply because the elephant training camp established there was in an area with a nearby brook.

The provincial tree is Millettia brandisiana, and the provincial flower is the tree marigold.

Mae Hong Son Province, Page 1, Location, Geography, Map of the Province, and Provincial Seal
Mae Hong Son Province, Page 1, Location, Geography, Map of the Province, and Provincial Seal

Mae Hong Son Province, Location, Geography, Map of the Province, and Provincial Seal