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Yala  is the southernmost province ( Changwat ) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Songkhla, Pattani and Narathiwat. Yala is the only land-locked province in the south of Thailand. The southern part borders Kedah and Perak of Malaysia. The name Yala is actually the Thai transliteration of Jala its original Malay name means 'net'. The province is also known as Jolor  in Patani Malay language. Yala Province is located in Southern Thailand. The highest point of the Sankalakhiri Range (Northern Titiwangsa Mountains ), 1,533 mtr. high Ulu Titi Basah,  is located at the Thai/Malaysian border between Yala Province and Perak.

Historically Pattani Province was the centre of the semi-independent Malay Sultanate of Patani, but paying tribute to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya. After Ayutthaya fell in to the Burmese in 1767, the Sultanate of Patani gained full independence but under King Rama I (reigned 1782–1809) again came under Siam's control.

In 1909, it was annexed by Siam as part of Anglo - Siamese Treaty of 1909 negotiated with the British Empire. Along with Narathiwat, Yala was originally part of Pattani Province but they were split off and became provinces of their own. There is a separatist movement in Yala, which after being dormant for many years erupted again in 2004. The British Foreign and Commonwealth Office advises against all but essential travel in the province.

Historically Pattani Province was the centre of the semi-independent Malay Sultanate of Pattani, but paying tribute to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya. After Ayutthaya fell in to the Burmese in 1767, the Sultanate of Pattani gained full independence but under King Rama I  ( reigned 1782–1809 ) again came under Siam's control.

Yala is one four province of Thailand with a Muslim majority. About 72% are Malay speaking Muslims. The remainder is Thai and Thai Chinese Buddhists.

Symbols

The provincial seal shows a miner with simple mining tools including hoes, crowbars, and baskets. Yala was originally a mining town with tin and tungsten ores.

The provincial tree is the Red Sara ca ( Saraca declinata ), and the provincial flower is the Bullet Wood

Administrative divisions

Yala is sub divided into eight districts ( Amphoe ), which are further subdivided into 56 sub districts (Tambon ) and 341 villages ( Muban ).

1)   Mueang Yala   2)   Betong    3)   Bannang Sata    4)   Than To   5)   Yaha   6)   Raman   

7)   Kabang  8)    Krong Pinang

Yala Province, Page 1, Map of the province, Geography, History, Seal of the Province and Districts.
Yala Province, Page 1, Map of the province, Geography, History, Seal of the Province and Districts.
Yala Province, Page 1, Map of the province, Geography, History, Seal of the Province and Districts.