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Pattani  is one of the southern provinces ( Changwat ) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are  Narathiwat, Yala and Songkhla.

Pattani is located on the Malay Peninsula, with the coast of the Gulf of Thailand in the north. In the south mountainous landscape with the Sankalakhiri mountain range, including the Budo - Su-ngai Padi National Park, is located at the border to Yala and Narathiwat, protecting hill forests with rare vegetation such as the Bangsoon palm ( Johnnesteijsmannia altifon ) and Takathong rattan, as well as birds like the hornbill. Namtok Sai Khao on the border with Songkhla and Yala is a forest park, remarkable for the Sai Khao waterfall.

The name Pattani is actually the Thai derivation of Patani  its original name could mean this beach in Patani Malay language. In standard Malay, it is ~ Pantai Ini.

Historically Pattani province was the centre of the Malay Sultanate of Patani Darul Makrif. In 1909, Siamese rule was officially sanctioned by the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 negotiated with the British Empire. Both Yala ( Jala ) and Narathiwat ( Menara ) were originally part of Patani, but were made provinces of their own during the territorial administrative reform and the creation of a united centralized Siam state.

Pattani is one of the four provinces of Thailand where most of the population are Malay Muslim, making up 88% of the population. They speak the Patani Malay language, although many can also speak Thai. The Pattani Malays are very similar in ethnicity and culture to the Malays of Kelantan, Malaysia.

The seal of the province shows the cannon called Phraya Tanior in Malay is Sri Pattani, which was cast in the Pattani province. It was brought to Bangkok in 1785, and is now on display in front of the Ministry of Defence in Bangkok.

The provincial flower is the Chinese hibiscus ( Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ), and the provincial tree the Ironwood ( Hopea odorata ).

Pattani Province, Page 1, The History and Geography, and the Provincial Seal

Pattani Province, The History and Geography, and the Provincial Seal

Pattani Province, Page 1, The History and Geography, and the Provincial Seal