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Ancient Siam, Muang Boran, Samut Prakan, Thailand.

Samut Prakan Province, Page 85a, Video’s of Ancient Siam, Muang Boran, Samut Prakan, Thailand.

Ramayana Garden  or the Tale of Rama is an ancient Indian epic telling the story of the migration of the Arayan people into the Gangetic Plain of northern India which, according to Buddhism lore, is known as Matayama Pradesh while in Hinduism, it is called Parata watra. The leader of the Arayan, Phra Rama, was the commander who led his ravaging troops through the southern region of India and occupied Ceylon, the city of the Dravidians at that time.

During the early Buddhist era, the account was retold by a hermit, named Valmiki, who composed the epic in Sanskrit verse. The epic is called, Ramayana which is named after one of the reincarnations of God Vishnu, Rama Chantravatarn. Many evidences such as sculptures and carvings found at many historical sites in Thailand expressed that Siam derived Ramayana from India for many hundreds of years ago.

During the Ayutthaya period, several episodes were adapted for the royal play, namely Khon, the masked dance-drama, and Lakorn theatre. The Thai version of Ramayana is known as the Ramakien. The original Ayutthaya version was entirely destroyed in 1767 A.D. by Burmese soldiers. It was not until the reign of King Rama I that a new version was composed by the King and the court  poets.

The Reclining Buddha, or the Buddha image performing dying gesture, lies on his right hand with both eyes closed. The right palm holds his head while the right shoulder rests on a pillow. The left hand is set on his left hip. Both feet stretched; the left foot rests on the right one and both soles are aligned.

The image is influenced by the Indian art, conceivably disseminated with Buddhism beliefs which were initiated and had prospered in India many centuries ago. Buddhism beliefs were adopt ed by many neighbouring countries from then on. The unique characteristics of the Buddha image were created based upon the 38 Maha Burut Laksana ( 38 ideal body  parts of the Lord Buddha ) which are de scribed in detail in an ancient Thai scripture.