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Ancient Siam, Muang Boran, Samut Prakan, Thailand.

Samut Prakan Province, Page 91, Ancient Siam, Sala 24 Katanyu ( Pavilion of Icons of Gratitude ) and Thai Junk.

Sumeru Mountain  According to Thai cosmology, Sumeru Mountain is considered the pillar of the world as well as the centre of the universe. The mountain, sup port ed by Anondha fish, stays above the surface of the water. It is the residence of spirits ranging from deities in heaven to devils in hell. The beings living by the mountainside also include humans, nagas, garudas, ogres, ogresses and yogis.

Each of them is distinguished by wisdom and morality. On the top of the lofty mountain is the heaven called Tavatimsa where Trai Trueng City is located. The city is believed to be the kingdom of gods where Sakka or Indra is the king. Indras most important responsibility is to protect the serenity of the world community. His divine kingship is a result of the merit he had made during his past lives.

Sakka lives in a castle called Phaichayon Maha Prasat (Phaichayon great grand palace). In the centre of the castle stands the heavenly throne, namely Bandu Kamphon, which will turn stiff when the world falls into disastrous catastrophe. Learning the situation, Indra will come down from heaven to help save his people on earth.

Sumeru Mountain is surrounded by an ocean, called Nathi Si Thandorn, while the Himavant Forest and Anodata Pond are at the foot of the mountain. Four springs, which are illustrated by the faces of 4 different animals including the lion, elephant, horse and ox, are located at the 4 cardinal points of the pond. Through the ox spring only, the water flows from the pond into the ocean.

Prang Sam Yod, Lop Buri. Prang Sam Yod or the Three Spired Sanctuary, made of laterite, is located in the heart of Lop Buri Province. The architectural style, showing the influence of Khmer art, is considered the art of the Lop Buri school.

The sanctuary dates back to the 13th century A.D., when the Bayon school of Khmer was initiated and prospered in Phra Nakhon Luang ( Nakhon Thom ) of the Khmer Empire.