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Ancient Siam, Muang Boran, Samut Prakan, Thailand.

Samut Prakan Province, Page 95, Ancient Siam, Sanphet Prasat Throne Hall, Ayutthaya, or The Sanphet Prasat Palace and interior.

Sanphet Prasat Throne Hall, Ayutthaya, or The Sanphet Prasat Palace was the principal palace in the early Ayutthaya period. It was initially built in the reign of King Baromatrai Lokanat, the eighth king of Ayutthaya. He designed a unique architectural style that obviously differed from the preceding Khmer and Sukhothai styles. The distinctive artistic style was later known as the Ayutthaya school which appeared in many parts of the Sanphet Prasat Palace: the sweep of the basement, the tapering pillars, the elaborate pinnacle ornaments, the pedimented door and window frames and the overlap ping roof slopes.

The Sanphet Prasat Palace was used in many important court and state ceremonies. For example, it served as a reception hall to receive many foreign dignitaries. The palace was completely renovated in the reign of King Baromakot ( 1732-1758 A.D. ) Unfortunately, when Ayutthaya fell to Burma in 1767 A.D., the stately palace was burnt to the ground.

Only  its raised brick basement remains today. Muang Boran has rebuilt the Sanphet Prasat Palace based on archaeological and historical evidence left by Thai and foreign historians. Also, research was conducted on the ruins to assemble a draft plan of the building. The detailed design and ornaments of the building were executed based on historical remains and documents as well. A proper study on the design of the interior had also been carried out. The result is superb magnificence. The important characteristics of the palace are given as follows:

The Overall Structure and Decorations of the Building  

The cruciform of Sanphet Prasat Palace is formed by the core of the building, a tall cube rabbeted at each angle, and two wings adjacent to both sides of the central hall. The front and back wings are in fact large halls, but the effect is that of porches abutting a central tower. The largest porch, i.e., the front hall, was for the military and government while the rear hall was for the women of the palace. The other two porches on the left and right are quite short.

The raised basement carries lotus moulding's which dip in the middle and, like the hall of a sailing ship, rise at the ends. The structure and style of roof was taken from the old pulpits and such like furniture in the main ( western ) hall of Wat Phra Buddha Chinnarat, Phitsanulok Province.