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Songkhla is one of the southern provinces ( Changwat ) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Satun, Phatthalung, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Pattani, and Yala. To the south it borders Kedah and Perlis of Malaysia. In contrast to most other provinces, the capital Songkhla is not the largest city in the province. The much newer city of Hat Yai, with a population of 359,813, is considerably larger, with twice the population of Songkhla ( 163,072 ). This often leads to the misconception that Hat Yai is the provincial capital.

Songkhla is subdivided into 16 districts ( Amphoe ), which are further subdivided into 127 Subdistricts ( Tambon ) and 987 Villages ( Muban ).

1) Mueang Songkhla, 2) Sathing Phra, 3) Chana, 4) Na Thawi, 5) Thepha, 6) Saba Yoi

7) Ranot, 8) Krasae Sin, 9) Rattaphum, 10) Sadao, 11) Hat Yai, 12) Na Mom, 13) Khuan Niang, 14) Bang Klam, 15) Singhanakhon 16) Khlong Hoi Khong.

The Provincial Seal shows a Conch Shell on a Phan ( Tray ) Glass with decorations. The origin of the conch shell is unclear, but the most widely adopted interpretation is that it was a decoration on the jacket of the Prince of Songkhla.

The Provincial Tree is the Sa Dao Thiam ( Azadirachta excelsa ).

The province is on the Malay Peninsula, on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. The highest elevation is Khao Mai Kaeo at 821 metres. In the north of the province is Songkhla Lake, the largest natural lake in Thailand. This shallow lake covers an area of 1,040 km², and has a south-north extent of 78 kilometres. At its mouth on the Gulf of Thailand, near the city of Songkhla, the water becomes brackish.

A small population of Irrawaddy Dolphins live in the lake, but are in danger of extinction due to accidental capture by the nets of the local fishing industry. Songkhla Province hosts two national parks. San Kala Khiri covers 214 km² of mountain highlands on the Thai-Malay border. Khao Nam Khang, is also in the boundary mountains. Chinese Communist guerrillas inhabited this region until the 1980’s