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Strategically important for the Issan region's infrastructure, Udon Thani's airport was raised to international standard in 2006 with the opening of a new terminal to compliment its existing domestic arrival and departure building. At peak times of the year there may be as many as 20 scheduled flights per day operating in and out of Udon Thani, thus making it one of the country's busiest domestic airports.  Currently, two budget airlines and the national carrier operates from the airport.

The city is bisected by Mittraphap Road, the highway linking Bangkok with the Northeast and Laos. A modern, multi-lane ring road system enables through traffic to bypass the city centre to the west or the east. It connects to the airport and to the main roads leading to Nong Bua Lamphu province in the west and to Sakhon Nakhon in the east.

Udon Thani first marked its name in the Bangkok era's history when Anuwong staged an uprising and marched the Laotians' troops to Nakhon Ratchasima during 1826 to 1828. Met with fierce resistance from the local troops led by Lady Mo, wife to Nakhon Ratchasima Governor, Anuwong was forced to move the troops back to Nongbua Lampoo, the city  close to the present-day Udon Thani, and the Laotians eventually  lost to Siam’s troops and the local Nongbua Lampoo’s

Formerly  known as Ban Mak-kaeng, Udon Thani was first settled as a military base led by  Prince Prachak to crack down on minority uprising in then north eastern state of Lao Puan. Ban Mak-kaeng has evolved from a rural city eventually into what is known as the present-day Udon Thani, literally the northern city.

The province is most famous for the archeological site Ban Chiang with its remains of the Bronze age, located in what is now a hamlet about 85 miles east of Udon. Udon is one of the more bustling markets for agricultural goods in the relatively dry northeast of Thailand, and received its biggest economic boost in the 1960's when the US built the Udon Royal Thai Air Force Base as a joint-force military base during the Vietnam War.

The U.S. turned the base over to the Thai military  in 1976, but there were three significant after effects of the base's US presence. First, several of the natives in these areas were paid well and learned English, which helped them become more marketable to the outside world (a significant percentage of the more educated group now work in the Middle East oilfields). Second, the base created ties, including a US Consulate in Udon which was closed in 1995, and a VFW  ( veterans of foreign wars)  post. Finally, the base and the consulate caused the city  to be viewed as a regional hub, and this impression has continued.

In recent years the province has received international attention due to the discovery of a large potash deposit in the area and some expect that the region will become a major exporter of the mineral. Beginning the mining process of gaining licensure has been substantially delayed due to public opposition to the mine. Many of the villagers who live directly above the proposed mine site had expressed concern that the company and its Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) have not adequately addressed concerns of salinization of groundwater and soil or land subsidence. Both would threaten the economic stability of local communities that rely  primarily on income derived from rice farming.Asia Pacific Resources, a wholly owned subsidiary of Italian-Thai Development PLC, owns the concession to the Udon Thani potash mines and plans to develop them. According to press reports, Udon Thani has enough potash to mine two million tonnes per year for 25 years. Potash is one main component in fertilizer.

Udon Thani Province Page 1, Location and video Udon Thani Province Page 3, Places to visit around Udon Thani Province

Udon Thani Province, Thailand