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Mahakan Fort, Maha Chai Rd. Phra Nakhon, Bangkok, Thailand

Bangkok Page 42,  Mahakan Fort, Maha Chai Rd. Bowon Niwet, Phra Nakhon, Bangkok, Thailand
Bangkok Page 41,  Khlong Thom Market Pictures Bangkok, Page 42a,  Mahakan Fort, Maha Chai Rd. Bowon Niwet, Phra Nakhon, Bangkok,  Thailand and video of the fort

Bangkok was originally moated and walled with forts at intervals along it ( built in 1783 during the reign of King Rama I ). A canal formed the moat dug at a distance of about two kilometres from the Royal Palace, leaving the river to the north of the city and rejoining it to the south. The moat was 7.2 km long, and it is today called Klong Bang Lamphu and Khlong Ong Ang. Strong and solid walls were constructed along the inner side of this canal, being 3.6m high and 2.7m thick. It was broken by 16 gates and 14 forts ( Phra Sumen, Yukornton, Mahaprab, Mahakan, Mootaluog, Seurtayan, Mahachai, Charkphet, Phisua, Mahaluok, Mahayak, Phrachun, Phra-Ar-thit, and Isintorn ). Only two forts are remaining along the former wall: Fort Mahakan and Fort Phra Sumen.

Mahakan Fort, located next to Wat Ratchanaddaram, is just one of the two remaining fortresses of medieval Bangkok ( the other being Phra Sumen Fortress ). It was built when the old city of Bangkok was protected by moats. There were three moats radiating from the Royal Palace. In the olden days, there were 16 gates and 14 forts into the old city of Bangkok It has a width of 38 meters and a height of 4.9 meters. It has three floors with staircases leading to the first two. The highest floor is an octagonal tower with an entrance. In addition, part of the old city wall is still standing. It runs for about 200 metres along Maha Chai Road.

Mahakan Fort was inscribed as a National Ancient Monument of Thailand by the Fine Arts Department in 1949. The government wanted to turn the area between the canal and the city wall into a park, but are met with resistance from the community that stays on that land. Now the authorities are looking into turning it into a living museum of vintage houses.Rattanakosin  also known as Rattanakosin Island, is the historic centre of Bangkok, where most of Bangkok's must see sights can be found, including the Grand Palace and Wat Pho. Rattanakosin was established in 1782 when King Rama I moved the Siamese capital across the river from Thonburi, starting a period in Thai history known as the Rattanakosin Period. Spending a few days in this remarkable district does not just show you dozens of traditional Buddhist temples, palaces, museums, parks and monuments, but also gives you a better understanding of the culture, history and religion of the Thai people. Continued next page:~