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Suphan Buri Province, Geography and the Districts

Suphan Buri  is one of the central provinces ( Changwat ) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Uthai Thani, Chai Nat, Sing Buri, Ang Thong, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Nakhon Pathom and Kanchanaburi.

The word Suphan originates from the Sanskrit  word Suvarna  meaning gold, and the word buri from Sanskrit Purī  meaning town or city. Hence the name of the province literally means City of Gold.

The terrain of the province is mostly low river plains, with small mountain ranges in the north and the west of the province. The southeastern part with the very low plain of the Tha Cheen river is paddy rice farming area.

Suphan Buri might be the site of the legendary Suvarnabhumi, which is mentioned in very old Buddhist writings. However the first confirmed historical settlement was in the Dvaravati period, when the city was known as Mueang Thawarawadi Si Suphannaphumi. Its founding did take place 877-882. Later it was called U Thong, and was the home city of Prince U Thong, the founder of the Ayutthaya kingdom. King Khun Luang Pha Ngua finally gave it the current name. Suphan Buri was an important border city, and also the location of several battles with the neighbouring Burmese.

The provincial seal shows the elephant battle between King Naresuan the Great and the crown prince of Burma in 1592, which took place in Suphan Buri. Provincial tree is the Ebony Tree (Diospyros mollis).


The province is sub divided into ten districts ( Amphoe ). The districts are further sub divided into 110 communes ( Tambon ) and 977 villages ( Muban ).

1. Mueang Suphan Buri

2. Doem Bang Nang Buat

3. Dan Chang

4. Bang Pla Ma

5. Si Prachan

6. Don Chedi

7. Song Phi Nong

8. Sam Chuk

9. U Thong

10. Nong Ya Sai


Suphan Buri Province Page 1, Geography and Districts